Spine Surgery - Overview

A Spine Surgery is performed to restore and preserve a spine functioning by managing various spinal disorders. This is a surgical specialty that includes both operative and non-operative treatment modalities. A spine surgery is one of the complex surgeries nevertheless; a properly executed surgery can help you restart your daily lifestyle. It is a unique sub-specialty of orthopedic and neurosurgical surgery. The department’s spine specialists offer a range of spinal surgeries with an aim to relieve pain, stabilization of spine and decompression of spinal cord/nerves. But before taking such a major decision, it is important to understand what goes into this surgery. 

There are three types of spine surgeries which include:

Cervical Spine Surgery– This is caused by an abnormality in one or more discs – the cushions that lie between the neck bones (vertebrae). This type of surgery is recommended to relieve neck pain, tingling, numbness, and weakness, restore nerve function and stop or prevent abnormal motion in your neck.

Thoracic spine surgery This surgery is an effective treatment for mid-back pain, but should only be considered if any other treatment options have failed to provide relief. The thoracic spine is the middle area of the back and is made up of twelve vertebrae; T1 through T12.The thoracic spine is the main support sy involved in activities like twisting and bending so if you have any serious issue in the middle area of your back you should consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Lumbar spine surgeryThis is a decompression surgery that is used to treat compressed nerves in the lower (lumbar) spine. This surgery is recommended only when non-surgical treatments haven’t helped. This surgery aims to improve symptoms such as constant pain and numbness in the legs caused by pressure on the nerves in the spine.

Spine Surgery - Symptoms

A spine surgery is recommended by the doctor in the following cases:

  • Hardness in the low back area, restricting range of motion
  • Not able to maintain normal posture due to stiffness and/or pain
  • Muscle spasms either with activity or at rest
  • Pain that continues for a maximum of 10-14 days

Spine Surgery - Pre-Procedure

Usually, the patient is admitted to the hospital a day before the operation will take place. The operation is performed on the next morning. Patient have to spend 1-5 nights after the operation in the hospital, depending on the type of surgery he/she will undergo e.g. it is possible that the patient may be discharged after a day or so following micro-surgery for slip disc, or in some cases may have to stay longer for major decompression and / or fusion surgery. Depending upon the nature of injury patient is suffering from; the surgeon will suggest an appropriate spinal cord injury treatment.

The most commonly recommended surgery for back pain is Spinal fusion in which your surgeon joins the vertebrae together. One of the key reasons which invite such surgery is smoking.

Spine Surgery - During Procedure

There are different types of spine surgeries the most common minimally invasive back surgeries include:
Discectomy: This surgery involves Trimming or removing bulging disks in your spine. It is performed when the cushion separating your vertebrae dislocates or slips out. In this procedure, the surgeon will remove the disk either completely or in parts. In some cases where the disk is fully damaged, the surgeon may even have to replace it, which is known as Disk replacement.

Foraminotomy: This surgery is used to relieve pain connected with a compressed nerve in the spine. In this surgery the surgeon cuts the sides of the bones of your vertebrae thereby leaving sufficient space at the junction where the nerves leave the spine. This surgery is performed collaboratively with spinal fusion surgery.

Spinal fusion: This surgery involves pinning unstable joints to those around them to ease pain. It is performed to join together two bones (vertebrae) of spine resulting in zero movement between them. This results in relieving of pain from spinal segment. In some selected cases, such procedures are conducted through ‘Minimally Invasive Key Hole Techniques’ (MITLIF). When required, open techniques are also used.

Spine Surgery - Post-Procedure

Now, majority of the people who undergo this spine surgery shows no signs of any complications because of the technological advancement in the field of medical science. Nevertheless, in some of the few cases, there may arise some kind of complications like bleeding, nerve damage, infection, blood clots particularly in your lungs and legs etc. It may also result in heart attack or a stroke in extreme cases.

Spine Surgery - Risk & Complications

Most people who undergo spine surgery have minimal, if any, complications. That said, any operation has some degree of risk, following are some risks that may appear after the spine surgery:

  • Reaction to anesthesia or other drugs
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blood clots, for instance in your legs or lungs
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Herniated disk
  • Damage in the Nerve, which can lead to weakness, paralysis, pain, sexual dysfunction, or loss of bowel or bladder control.

More Info

On an average the cost of spinal surgery in India is $5000 and can go upto $8500 approximately. The duration of the treatment is 5 days in hospital 15 days in India. It is always recommended to get yourself operated from a reputed institute like Universal Health Help for such a major surgery. At Universal Health Help, you can seek consultation from super specialized doctors and get a customized and reasonably priced high quality treatment. They provide you with the best spine surgery hospital in India. So connect with them today and say goodbye to the irritating backache!


Spine Surgery - Doctors

  • Dr. Hitesh Garg

    Dr. Hitesh Garg

    Surgeon Consultant , MBBS, MS

    Spine Surgeon

    13 Years of Experience

  • Dr. Sandeep Vaishya

    Dr. Sandeep Vaishya

    Director , MBBS, MS, MCh, Fellowship

    Neuro and Brain

    20 Years of Experience

  • Dr. S.K. Rajan

    Dr. S.K. Rajan

    HOD , MBBS, MS, MCh, Fellowship

    Neuro and Brain

    15 Years of Experience

  • Dr. Rana Patir

    Dr. Rana Patir

    Director , MBBS, MS, MCh


    24 Years of Experience

  • Dr. Arun Saroha

    Dr. Arun Saroha

    Head of Department , MBBS, MS, MCh


    19 years of experience

  • Dr. Bipin Walia

    Dr. Bipin Walia

    Director , MBBS, MS, MCh


    30 years of experience

  • Dr. Vineesh Mathur

    Dr. Vineesh Mathur

    Director , MBBS, MS, DNB

    Orthopaedic - Spine Surgeon

    28 Years of Experience

  • Dr. Arun Bhanot

    Dr. Arun Bhanot

    MBBS, M.S.(Orthopedics)

    Spine Surgeon

    11 Years of Experience

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    More Info About Spine Surgery

    Procedure Cost in USD Stay in Hospital Stay in India Total Days
    Spine Surgery 7000-8000 5 days 10 days 15


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