Prostate Cancer - Overview

Prostate cancer is generally a slow-growing disease that is diagnosed in men. This treatment is recommended usually for men who have the prostate gland attacked by cancer cells. These cells sometimes spread outside the prostate into nearby or distant parts of the body which can continue to multiply in an uncontrolled way. Removal of the prostate gland or killing or destruction of the cancer cells in the gland is done to treat prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer - Symptoms

You may not feel any symptoms In the early stages. As the cancer advances you may feel the following symptoms:

  • Feeling the sudden need to urinate
  • Urinating more than usual
  • It is not easy to start urinating
  • A sign of prostate cancer is long duration to finish urinating
  • Finding blood in urine or semen
  • Pain in the upper thighs, hips and lower back.

Prostate Cancer - Pre-Procedure

Before the treatment your doctor will carry out a physical examination and enquire about any ongoing medical history. If you have any symptoms, or if a routine blood test shows abnormally high PSA levels, further examinations may be requested. These tests may include:

  • Digital rectal examination (DRE), in which your doctor will manually check for any abnormalities of the prostate with their finger
  •  Biomarker test to check the blood, urine, or body tissues of a person with cancer for chemicals unique to individuals with cancer

If these tests show any kind of abnormal results, further tests will include:

  • A PCA3 test to examine the urine for the PCA3 gene only found in prostate cancer cells
  • A transrectal ultrasound scan to provide imaging of the affected region using a probe that emits sounds
  • A biopsy, or the removal of 12 to 14 small pieces of tissue from several areas of the prostate for examination under a microscope

These tests will help confirm the stage of cancer, whether it has spread, and what treatment is appropriate.

Prostate Cancer - During Procedure

Choosing a surgical treatment for Prostate cancer is a decision made with your doctor and healthcare team. They will be able to help you weigh the pros and cons of every treatment options, and also inform you about what options may be the most effective for your specific situation. When a case of prostate cancer is detected and treated before it has spread beyond the prostate gland, the entire prostate gland can be removed, thus, eradicating cancer. External beam radiotherapy is another option that involves high energy beam rays. The process is done by the insertion of tiny radioactive seeds into the gland is permanent seed brachytherapy. This therapy helps in killing the cancer cells as the seeds get highly radiated. if none of the other therapies work which are undertaken many top hospitals use the new treatments for prostate cancer in case of advanced prostate cancer. There are other treatments for prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer - Post-Procedure

You can live for decades without symptoms or needing treatment as prostate cancer usually progresses very slowly. Nevertheless, it can affect your life. In some cases, cancer also grows in other parts of the body. Hence it is made sure that regular hormone therapy and doctor consultation is done to keep a check on the coming back of cancer. A routine checkup and a healthy diet with proper medication can be of great help as the best prostate cancer treatment may also fail at times owing to several factors.

Prostate Cancer - Risk & Complications

Risks with prostate cancer surgery may include bleeding, blood clotting, organ damage, infections, etc. Their other complications that come hand in hand include leaking of urine even while coughing, continuous overflow of urine and pain in the area around surgery. There can be no gain without risks. These risks are minimal when compared to the joy of recovering.

Prostate Cancer - Doctors

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    Procedure Cost in USD Stay in Hospital Stay in India Total Days
    Prostate Cancer 6000-8000 3 days 15 days 18


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