Kidney Transplant - Overview

Kidney Transplantation is done when the kidneys stop working, renal failure occurs.  Renal or kidney transplants are often recommended to patients with end-stage renal diseases, with an accumulation of toxic waste products in the body. Dialysis or transplantation is required in such cases. Kidney transplant surgery is done when the kidneys that aren’t working well are replaced by a kidney from a donor. In this surgery, kidneys that aren’t working well are replaced by a kidney from a donor to the patient who is suffering through renal failure.

Kidneys for transplantation come from two types of Donor:

The Living Donor:- In India, a living donor must be a family member or blood relative willing to give a kidney to the patient in needs. That person is called a “living donor”

Deceased Donor: – One can also acquire a kidney from a deceased donor who has recently passed on or who has suffered brain death. In this families need to provide permission as well. Once the permission for donation is granted, the kidneys are removed and stored until a recipient has been selected.

Here at Universal Health Help, we offer access to the best kidney transplant surgeons in India. You can connect with them to understand all the medical and legal aspects of visiting India for an organ transplant.

transplant surgeons in India. You can connect with them to understand all the medical and legal aspects of visiting India for an organ transplant.

Kidney Transplant - Symptoms

Renal disease i.e. the end stage is the most common indication for kidney transplantation. Despite the primary cause of this disease, a patient is considered to have arrived at this stage when the glomerular filtration rage is less than 15ml/min/1.73 sq.m. Common causes of ESRD include –

  • Malignant hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Inborn errors of metabolism
  • Lupus

Kidney Transplant - Pre-Procedure

In India, before you undergo a kidney transplant, our doctors will ask you to undergo a few tests to assess how well the donor’s kidney matches your blood and tissue type. It’s not easy that the body easily accepts the new organ but making sure that you have a close tissue match helps improve the chances of your body accepting the new organ.

One needs to undergo a few tests that ensure your heart and lungs are free of diseases and there is no significant risk of other diseases like cancers and other conditions that reduce your lifespan.

Kidney Transplant - During Procedure

It takes about 3 to 4 hours for a typical kidney to transplant. The procedure starts by placing the donor kidney in your lower abdomen and the blood vessels from the donor’s kidney will be connected to the veins and arteries in your body. Furthermore, the donor kidney’s ureter will also be connected to your bladder. This procedure helps the blood to flow through the new kidney, allowing it to start doing its job of filtering and removing waste as well as to produce urine.

It doesn’t take a lot of time for the new kidney to start functioning your new kidney will typically begin to function right away. The Damaged or diseased kidney is not removed unless there is a risk of or a pre-existing infection in most cases. If you have kidney cancer the organ may also be removed, very large polycystic kidneys or nephrotic syndrome.

Kidney Transplant - Post-Procedure

once your transplant is successful, you will have to spend several days in the hospital. Following things to expect during these days –

  • You may have to undergo dialysis and consume diuretics to help your body get rid of excess water and salt in cases, it takes some time for the new kidney to start producing urine.
  • To suppress your immune system you will also be asked to take medicines. which helps to avoid rejection of your new kidney. You need to take these medicines all your life than on.
  • Your body may try to reject your new kidney during the initial weeks or months of your surgery. This can be seen only in a few cases less than 20% of transplant cases experience such acute rejections. You can take Antirejection medicine to treat this.
  • Progressive loss of kidney function or chronic rejection/ chronic allograft failure may take several months or even years to cure. There is no treatment for this outcome of your transplant while there is little understanding of the causes of such rejection.

Kidney Transplant - Risk & Complications

There are several risks included while getting new kidneys

They include –

  • Rejection of the new organ
  • Severe infection
  • Reaction to the anesthesia used in the surgery
  • Failure of the donor’s kidney
  • Bleeding

Kidney Transplant - Doctors

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    More Info About Kidney Transplant

    Procedure Cost in USD Stay in Hospital Stay in India Total Days
    Kidney Transplant 12000- 14000 10 days 30 days 40


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