Lung transplant is a surgical procedure replace a damaged or diseased lung with a healthy lung from a donor. It enables the patient to breathe easily and grants many more years of life. One or both the lungs may be replaced in lung transplant procedure, depending on the medical condition of the patient.
Lung transplant is recommended when the lung is failing because of any of the below mentioned disease:
The surgeon may take a few tests before the surgery to assess whether you are a right candidate for the operation or not. Test include
You will be asked to refrain from smoking and drinking alcohol and do not put on weight. Follow your exercise regime which you learnt during pulmonary rehabilitation.
Lung transplant is a complex procedure that lasts 4 to 8 hours, and is performed under general anesthesia.
A tube will be inserted through the mouth and connected to the windpipe. This allows you to breathe.
After the procedure, the patient will be monitored in ICU for 3 to 5 days. A ventilator will be used to help the patient breathe effectively. The tube in chest, inserted during the procedure, will help in draining fluids from lungs and heart. The patient will be allowed to take clear fluids after the condition stabilizes, followed by soft diet and normal diet. The patient can go home in 10 to 15 days after the surgery. For next 3 months, frequent consultations along with blood tests, chest X Ray, ECG will be recommended. Smoking and alcohol consumption will be strictly disallowed. Immunosuppressants and blood thinning medications will have to be taken for the rest of the life.
RISK AND COMPLICATIONS
Liver translant is a complex surgery, and has significant risks and complications. Major risks include