Surgery is the primary treatment for most ovarian cancers it is a procedure for removing the cancerous tumor from the ovaries. The surgery depends on how far cancer has spread in the body and the patient’s general health, the extent of the surgery is determined. In most cases, ovarian cancer treatment involves a surgery followed by chemotherapy.
To perform the actual surgery your doctor will first diagnose the type, stage, and grade of cancer and then determine the course of the surgery. It can involve removing one ovary or removing both the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the uterus. If the cancer is advanced, the doctor will first perform debulking (removing the tumor as much as possible), followed by chemotherapy.
Ovarian cancer might also spread outside the ovaries which might affect other body parts as well. In such cases, your doctor might have to perform additional surgeries like:
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It can be difficult to detect ovarian cancer at an early stage as the symptoms of ovarian cancer are non-specific. In most of the cases, by the time ovarian cancer is detected, it has already spread to other parts of the body. However, patients should be aware of the following indications in their body and consult the doctor at the earliest if there is:
Before your surgery, you will be recommended for some tests by your doctor. These tests are recommended to check the overall health and well-being of the patient. The following tests are recommended:
Based on the results of the tests mentioned above, your surgery will be scheduled. A day before the surgery, you will also have to undergo the following tests:
The toxic effects of the drugs are also considered before the surgical process if f patients have undergone pre-operative chemotherapy.
The treatment is performed under general anesthesia by best doctors and surgeons for ovarian cancer treatment. , the doctor will recommend the right kind of surgery for the patient based on the stage of cancer
Post the surgery the patient may experience some discomfort or pain once she wakes up. To remove the excess fluids from the body from the open wound area a catheter is inserted. Usually, it takes 3-6 days to get discharge she can only be discharged after the catheter is removed.
Chemotherapy is required post the surgery if the patient is detected with advanced cancer. A combination of chemotherapy and surgery can cure about 30% of women with advanced cancers.
When both the ovaries are removed during the surgery, the patient might experience sudden menopause symptoms for a few weeks. The doctor will recommend a hormone replacement therapy to deal with these symptoms. Once you will be discharged from the hospital, doctors usually recommend the following to take care of:
RISK AND COMPLICATIONS
You will be told about the risks and complications associated with the ovarian cancer surgery beforehand by your doctor. Following are some of the risks the patient might experience after the surgery:
The cost for ovarian cancer treatment depends upon the hospital and the surgery usually, a complete open surgery can cost between Rs. 3.5 lakhs to 4.5 lakhs. If you’re planning to travel to India for the treatment, you might also need to consider the living and miscellaneous expenses to get a complete idea of the pricing. If your surgery needs to be followed up by chemotherapy, the cost might increase.
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