Lung cancer takes place in the cells of the lung when a cancerous (malignant) tumor grows and destroy nearby tissue. Lung cancer treatment is followed by a surgical procedure that removes all or part of a lung which further removes cancerous cells in the tissue. The cells in the lung sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally. These changes result into non-cancerous (benign) tumor such as hamartoma and papilloma. But in some cases, changes into lung cells can cause cancer.
Lung cancers are classified into non–small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer based on the type of cell in which cancer started. Your surgeon works to remove the lung cancer and a margin of healthy tissue by the following procedures
Following are some of the most common symptoms that an individual experience:
Before the surgery, the surgeon will recommend the following measures that need to be taken before the surgery starts:
Lung Cancer Surgery is usually performed by a team of an experienced surgical oncologist, under general anesthesia. It usually takes about 4 to 5 hours to perform the procedure. A surgeon may operate to remove cancerous lung tissue and tissue in the surrounding areas where cancer may have spread. This sometimes involves removing a lobe or large segment of the lung in a procedure called a lobectomy. In severe cases, the surgeon needs to remove the lung entirely
Post-lung cancer treatment, the patient is monitored in intensive care (ICU) for a couple of days. After the patient, if shifted out of ICU, the nurses and physiotherapists will get the patient moving about as soon as possible, perform breathing exercises and leg exercises to prevent complications, such as blood clots in the legs or chest infections. Regular chest X-rays are performed to make sure the patient can breathe well. Usually, the patient is ready to go home in about 10 days after the lung removal and 5 to 7 days after the lobectomy.
RISK AND COMPLICATIONS
Lung cancer surgery also involves some risks and complications. Possible risks include
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