A heart valve surgery is done to repair or replace heart valves that aren’t functioning correctly. Due to abnormal functioning of the heart valves, there can be a blood flow blockage in the body, which may prove fatal to the patient.
Blood that flows through different chambers of the heart must flow through a heart valve. Even the blood that flows from the heart to the large arteries needs to go through the valves. These valves open up to ensure smooth flow of blood. Once the required amount of blood flows out, they then close to ensure no backwards flow. Out of the 4 heart valves – aortic, mitral, tricuspid and pulmonic, aortic and mitral valve repair surgery are the most common.
If the heart valve isn’t opening correctly or if it is having problems closing, a cardiac surgeon might recommend a valve surgery to repair the valve and ensure blood flows through the heart chambers like it should.
Patients having heart problems are advised to see a cardiac doctor at the earliest in order to diagnose the exact heart disease. Some of the common symptoms of heart valve failures include:
Sometimes, patients who have undergone this surgery before might still have valve functioning problems due to infection, blood clots, bleeding or other health issues. In such cases as well, the doctor might have to re-operate.
A heart valve repair is performed under general anaesthesia by an experienced cardiac surgeon. The following are the steps of the surgery:
Normally, the patient will have to stay in the hospital for 5-7 days after the surgery. First, the patient is transferred to an ICU and monitored for about 24 hours after the operation. Once the heart is stable, he is then moved to the room and doctors and nurses will constantly review the progress. The overall recovery time of patients is largely dependent on your health before the operation and age. Pay attention to the care instructions given by your surgeon as a heart surgery takes ample of time to heal. You might be able to get back to your routine after a few months but you must be extremely careful about infections and overstressing to ensure no relapse in the surgical procedure.
RISK AND COMPLICATIONS
Cardiac surgery is one of the most difficult and sensitive operations in our body and thus, they often come with a fair share of risks and complications. Your surgeon will explain all the risks associated with a heart valve surgery to help you make the right call. Some of the known complications include:
It is extremely important to take necessary precautions in order to prevent infections after a heart valve surgery. Speak to your doctor as you might need antibiotics before a dental surgery or any other invasive procedures done after this open heart surgery.
The success rate of heart valve surgery in India is very high, giving International patients the comfort and relief of a prolonged and healthy life ahead. India is now a leading medical tourism destination in Asia and the world, due to the advanced medical facilities, experienced doctors and a cost-effective treatment plan. The cost of heart surgery in India starts at around Rs. 3 lakhs and can go up to Rs. 7-8 lakhs, based on the patient’s reports and the city and hospital you choose. Patients can be assured of a low-cost treatment without having to compromise on the quality of surgery in India.
If you or your family member needs a heart valve repair, contact us at +91-9999332093 and we will be happy to help you with the entire process.