Colon cancer also called colorectal cancer happens when cancer cells attack the colon or the rectum in a person’s body. Colon Cancer is a serious disease not to be taken lightly and one should take precautions. Colon Cancer like other Cancer has different stages.
There may often no signs in the early stage of the colon cancer but symptoms may develop as the cancer advances. These may include pain in the rectal and pelvis and abdomen regions, bowel obstruction, change in food and bowel habits, constipation, blood in the urine or stool, diarrhea, gas, anemia, severe weight loss, loss of appetite, lumps in the abdomen, weight loss, and fatigue. If one has any of these symptoms of colon cancer, it is advisable to visit a doctor and get proper medical attention.
The surgery for colon cancer treatment is commonly known as a colectomy. Its surgery usually depends on the stage (extent) of cancer, where it is. This is a procedure where the infected part of the colon which contains the malignant cells, as well as the marginal areas, are surgically removed. Lymph nodes in the regions are also removed.
Depending on how extensive the colectomy is, If only part of the colon is removed, it’s called a hemicolectomy, partial colectomy, or segmental resection. The healthy portion of the organ is either reconnected to the rectum or otherwise attached to the wall of the abdomen. In such a case, the procedure is called a colostomy, and one has to use a colostomy bag for defecation.
To remove smaller cancers which are more localized doctors prefer using endoscopy. If the cancer is too advanced or if it is untreatable palliative surgery is performed to relieve any blockages in the colon and stop the pain and bleeding. At last, if the cancer is advanced Palliative surgery is performed which helps to relieve any blockage of the colon and manage pain, bleeding, and other symptoms. This relieves symptoms in cases of untreatable or advanced cancers.
Chemotherapy is a treatment that is generally performed to treat cancer that has spread because the medicines travel through the whole body. This Treatment uses chemicals and drugs that interfere with the cell division process by damaging proteins or DNA in order to damage and kill cancer cells and target rapidly dividing cells and tries to remove the malignant ones. However, the problem with chemotherapy is that it affects normal cells as well as cancer cells, and has severe side effects such as nausea, hair loss, vomiting, and fatigue.
Radiation therapy also called Radio Therapy usually used for the treatment of cancer during the later stage. This is a preventive radiation treatment which focuses intense energy rays on the cancer cells in hopes of destroying them. It causes molecular damage to the cancer cells and thus causes them to die. It is a form of colon cancer treatment, used only in the later stages of cancer.
Thus, if one is suffering from colon cancer, they should seek medical attention and use some of these methods to alleviate their pain and try to fight their disease. One’s cancer stage decides what treatment options can be considered and inform the prognosis, or the likely course cancer will take. To cure cancer at the earliest Universal health help helps you to connect with the right doctor for the treatment.