Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Shunt Surgery is a procedure to drain excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collected in the brain’s ventricles and relieve pressure on the brain due to fluid accumulation. The procedure is performed when there is too much pressure in the brain caused due to CSF accumulation, a medical condition called hydrocephalus. It mostly occurs in babies and older adults. Normally, CSF flows through the ventricles of the brain, thereby immersing the brain and spinal cord in it and eventually gets absorbed in the blood. When this normal flow is disrupted, it causes fluid accumulation and puts harmful pressure on brain tissues. CSF Shunt drains fluid from the brain to other parts of the body where the fluid is absorbed. Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunt Surgery is also called Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt or VP Shunt.
The surgery is recommended to patients with swelling, cysts, tumors, or inflammation in the brain due to excess buildup of cerebrospinal fluid. Excess fluid occurs mainly due to
The surgeon will instruct to
The procedure is performed under general anesthesia by an experienced neursurgeon, and generally takes around 90 minutes. During the surgery, the surgeon will
After the procedure is complete, the patient may be required to stay in the hospital to upto a week. The doctor and his team closely monitors the patient’s vitals. The patient is taught how to take care of the shunt at home and how to prevent any infection from developing. In babies, the shunt has to be replaced after 2 years while in older adults, it has to be replaced after 8 years.
RISK AND COMPLICATIONS