Bone marrow is the spongy, fatty tissue inside your bones. Bone marrow transplant procedure is performed by transplanting blood stem cells, i.e. replacing your damaged stem cells with the healthy cells that can help your body make enough white blood cells, platelets, or red blood cells to avoid infections, bleeding disorders, or anemia.
This procedure is usually performed when the patients are suffering from conditions like aplastic anaemia, leukaemia, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, or thalassaemia major.
Generally, doctors recommend one of the following three types of bone marrow transplantations –
1. An Auto Logous Transplant: This procedure involves the use of a person’s own stem cells.
2. A Syngeneic Transplant: In this procedure, if the patient has an identical twin his/her stem cells can be used.
3. An Allogeneic Transplant: This procedure involves the use of cells from a donor. The donor must be a close
genetic match; the donor can also be a close relative or someone with absolutely no connection with the patient, as long as the genetic makeup of the stem cells matches those of the patient’s.
Prior to your transplant, Your Doctor will recommend a few tests to discover what type of bone marrow cells you need. You might also undergo radiation or chemotherapy to kill off all cancer cells or marrow cells before you get the new stem cells.
Before your treatment, your health care team will explain your transplant process and answer all your questions. The pre-transplant period is characterized by identification of the appropriate type of transplant that will be done and, if necessary, finding an appropriate donor for the transplant.
The patient is given general anesthesia before performing the actual treatment, to allow the surgeon to easily and painlessly extract the cells by inserting needles in the region around his or her pelvic bone. The surgeon then tests the cells to make sure they are clean and healthy, after which they are preserved until the scheduled transplant.
When you’ll be ready for the transplant. The procedure will be similar to a blood transfusion. If you’ll have an allogeneic transplant, bone marrow cells will be harvested from your donor a day or two before your procedure. If your own cells will be used, they’ll be retrieved from the stem cell bank.
Cells are collected in two ways:
During a bone marrow harvest, cells will be collected from both hipbones through a needle. You will be given anesthesia for this procedure, meaning you’ll be asleep and free of any pain.
The entire BMT procedure takes around 3 to 4 hours from the time the stem cells enter the body and reach and bone marrow to start producing healthy cells. This process is called engraftment.
The success of a bone marrow transplant usually depends on how closely the donor and recipient genetically match and in some cases; it can be very difficult to find a good match among unrelated donors.
The state of your engraftment will be regularly monitored by your doctor. It generally takes between 10 and 28 days to finish after the initial transplant. The very first sign of engraftment is a rising white blood cell count. This will let you know that the transplant is starting to make new blood cells.
Typical recovery time for this treatment is about three months. However, it may take about a year for you to recover fully.
RISK AND COMPLICATIONS
There are fewer risks involved in this type of treatment because only a small amount of the bone marrow is removed from the body. The usual symptoms that the patient may experience might include stiffness, slight pain, and weakness for a few days.
Complications might be mild or very serious. The major complications that are associated with the treatment may include:
In some of the many cases, graft-versus-host diseases can become a long-lasting condition. In this case, you may get –
The success rate of this treatment depends on factors such as your age, your overall health and how it affects your disease. Although the process is very effective in doing away with the distress of the patient, it is very expensive. The Approximate Cost of the treatment is about $14,000 – $30,000 and it takes about 14-21 Days to get done with the treatment. The transplant process can be emotionally taxing. Talking to a professional can help you through the whole process. Get in touch with Universal health help our doctors will help you find out the bone marrow transplant cost in India today!
If you have any additional questions, call +91-9999332093. Get Bone Marrow Treatment with Universal Health Help.